Alcohol is as much a part of the modern American life as pop music and new restaurant openings. Because it is common to have a glass of wine with lunch, cocktails and maybe another one with friends for dinner, people do not stop and think if it is becoming a problem. There is no instance when people are out of that environment, and so, they never get a chance to analyze themselves. However, soon, a pattern becomes to emerge in their drinking schedules, and that is when it becomes a problem. Drugs were not once that standard in a typical American’s life but current times beg to differ.
The following points explore the addiction problem of drug and alcohol at length:
Why Do People Use Drugs or Alcohol?
The most common reason for people getting into drugs and alcohol in the first place is for the sake of experimentation. People drink at parties and feel like they must try everything once – hence, drug use has then been experimented.
- Coping with Distress or Stress – People have a busy life and to cope with the stress that comes with such a fast paced life, they become dependent on alcohol and drugs. Teenagers find school and college hard to deal with and adults might find work and relationships to be taxing. Some people even become addicts to deal with a physical illness.
- Substitutes for Important Things – When certain people lack social interaction, personal relationships, family, achievements or other things which make a person happy, they use alcohol and drugs to fill the void. These artificial stimulants act as tools to self-fulfillment for them.
- Confidence or Esteem Issues – People might use drugs and alcohol when they cannot deal with guilt, low self-esteem, and social anxiety. Sometimes, these factors lead to peer pressure and the need to be accepted in a group, leading to alcohol and drug use and ultimately, addiction.
Since alcohol and drugs are readily available, there is not much that can be done to restrict their availability. On top of that, it is almost socially acceptable, and in some circles, even necessary, to use alcohol and drugs.
Effects of Addiction
Alcohol and drug addiction come with a variety of physical and mental effects, and they are as follows:
- Physical Effects – It is usual to experience an increased temperature and heart rate. Sometimes, effects like slurred speech, lack of muscle control leading to reduced coordination and impairment of motor skills can be experienced. Uncomfortable but common effects include vision issues, vomiting, nausea, and dizziness. In extreme cases, a respiratory arrest could occur along with a loss of consciousness, even leading to death.
- Mental Effects – It is often noticed that judgment is impaired by the use of alcohol and drugs. This includes an inability to make the right decisions or even reach a decision (in many instances), making decisions too rapidly and without thinking and being unrealistic. Alcohol and drug addiction have severe effects on concentration and attention span. Often, there is a loss of inhibitions like talking without thinking or performing actions that would not be completed in a state of sobriety. Extreme emotional reactions are pretty common, like experiencing anger, happiness, sadness or fear of the extreme nature. Also, blackouts, accompanied by loss of memory, are common as well.
- Long Term Effects Related to Use of Alcohol – Prolonged use of alcohol or alcohol dependency can cause nutritional deficiencies in the body which ultimately affect mental faculties. Excessive drinking often damages Liver, heart, brain and stomach. Muscle and bone tissue breakdown is another effect. During alcohol withdrawal, hallucinations, extreme tremors and perspiration are experienced.
What to Do?
It is never a good idea to perform self-detox and self-treatment. Things could go wrong, or results could be disastrous. Sometimes, situations take a wrong turn, and there would be no one to help. Instead, inpatient treatment is always encouraged. Detox in a controlled environment and results are much better and safer this way.
Why Choose Inpatient Treatment
Inpatient treatment, also called residential treatment, is much more holistic as compared to other options. A full evaluation is completed of the addict, and their individual problems are addressed. It is not just about dealing with the physical effects of their addiction but also the mental and emotional ones. Inpatient treatment takes care of all that. There is group therapy to address the root of the problem. Steps are taken to ensure that after the treatment gets over, chances of relapse are reduced or eliminated.